Monday, August 19, 2019 - 21:45
CORN PRODUCTION GREW BY 16.80 PERCENT
Corn production in the province grew on an average annual rate of 5.60 percent over the last three years. From 62.92 thousand metric tons (MT) in 2016, corn production increased to 65.90 thousand MT in 2018. Likewise, area harvested to corn rose to 14.89 thousand hectares from 13.98 thousand hectares in 2016.
Of the six provinces in the region, Negros Occidental was the top corn producer in 2018 at 152.90 thousand MT and shared 49.19 percent of the regional total corn output. This was followed by the province of Iloilo with 24.88 percent share (77.34 thousand MT) and Capiz with 21.13 percent of the region’s total production in 2018. The provinces of Aklan, Antique and Guimaras contributed a combined ratio of 4.80 percent.
Moreover, the total area harvested for corn in the region was 108.00 thousand hectares. This is lower than 109.85 thousand hectares of corn area harvested in 2017.
Across the region, Negros Occidental posted the highest harvested area in 2018. It accumulated 64.25 percent of the regional total area planted to corn or 69.39 thousand hectares. The province of Iloilo was second with 18.21 percent share, followed by the provinces of Capiz with 13.79 percent and Antique with 1.71 percent. The least areas harvested in corn production were Aklan and Guimaras with 1.27 and 0.76 percent shares, respectively.
WHITE CORN PRODUCTION INCREASED BY 5.63 PERCENT
Of the total corn production in 2018, white corn production of the province posted at 975 MT or 1.48 percent share to the total provincial corn level. This is higher by 5.63 percent of white corn variety produced in 2017. The total white corn produced in that year was 923 MT. On the other hand, harvest area for white corn increased by 5.84 percent from 445 hectares in 2017 to 471 hectares in 2018.
Negros Occidental was the leading province in the region on white corn production in 2018. The total volume was recorded at 73.22 thousand MT or 83.46 percent share to the regional output. Iloilo was far beyond with 12.97 percent (11.37 thousand MT) while Capiz accounted only 1.11 percent. Other provinces in the region recorded a combined share of 2.47 percent (Aklan with 0.78 percent, Antique with 0.83 percent and Guimaras with 0.86 percent).
Yellow Corn Production by Provinces, Western Visayas: 2018 Furthermore, the largest area harvested was also in Negros Occidental. It constitutes 83.46 percent ratio or 42.23 thousand hectares to the total area planted to white corn of the region. Iloilo followed with 4.90 thousand hectares (10.06 percent. Other provinces shared less than 1.00 percent of the area harvested to white corn including the province of Capiz.
YELLOW CORN WAS THE MAJOR PRODUCTION IN THE PROVINCE
In 2018, 64.72 thousand MT of the total corn production in Capiz were yellow corn. This represents 98.52 percent of the total corn produced during the year. This is higher by 16.86 percent as compared to 55.38 thousand MT of yellow corn produced in 2017.
Moreover, the total area harvested to yellow corn in the province was 14.42 thousand hectares, representing 96.84 percent of the total area harvested. The area harvested increased by 9.92 percent as compared to 13.12 hectares recorded in 2017. The result indicates that most corn farmers prefer to plant the yellow corn variety as compared to the white corn. They were inputs to poultry and swine feeds and to other agricultural supplies.
Of the 223.11 thousand MT of yellow corn produced in Western Visayas, Capiz contributed 29.01 percent of the production. Negros Occidental was the productive province of yellow corn with 35.71 percent share (79.68 thousand MT) and followed by Iloilo with 29.57 percent (65.96 thousand MT). Antique contributed 3.63 percent (8.10 thousand MT) and Aklan with 1.32 percent (2.95 thousand MT). The province of Guimaras shared less than 1.00 percent.
Likewise, the total land area harvested to yellow corn in the region totaled at 59.31 thousand hectares, lesser than 59.63 thousand hectares of area harvested a year ago. Negros Occidental comprised the largest harvested area with 45.79 percent (27.16 thousand hectares). Iloilo and Capiz ranked second and third respectively, with corresponding shares of 24.90 and 24.31 percent. The provinces of Antique, Aklan and Guimaras contributed a
combined ratio of 4.99 percent.
CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
Crop Production is the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvester share, reserved, etc. Excluded are those produced but not harvested due to low price, lack of demand and force majeure or fortuitous events, etc.
Area Harvested refers to the actual area from which harvests are realized. This excludes crops areas which were totally damaged. It may be smaller than area planted. In crop statistics, this applies to temporary crops.
Area Planted refers to the actual physical area planted. This generally applies to area planted for permanent crops and multi-harvested temporary crops.
Irrigation refers to purposely providing land with water, other than rain, for improving pastures or crop production. Irrigation usually implies the existence of infrastructure and/or equipment for applying water to crops, such as irrigation canals, pumps, sprinkles or localized watering systems. Irrigation water may come from various sources such as National Irrigation System (NIS), Communal Irrigation System (CIS), tube well, dug well, surface/ram pump, Small Farm Reservoir (SFR), Shallow Well Impounding Project (SWIP), Small Diversion Dam (SDD), and others.
Irrigated Area is the total area within the service area of an irrigation system served in a particular season – wet (first crop) and second crop seasons including any third crop. This refers to the area served during the wet season plus any are submerged during
the wet season that is served in the dry season.
Rainfed Area is the area that depends solely on rainfall for its water supply.