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Thursday, August 8, 2019 - 21:45
Palay production in the province of Capiz increased over the last three years as it reached to 347.13 thousand metric tons (MT) in 2018 from 274.90 thousand MT in 2016, an annual growth rate of 8.75 percent. On the other hand, the total area harvested in the province recorded at 114.65 thousand hectares in 2018, 31.93 thousand hectares in irrigated farms and 82.72 thousand hectares in rainfed farms, respectively. This is higher than 104.47 thousand hectares of area harvested in 2017 and 92.51 thousand hectares in 2016, relatively. This registered an average yield of 3.03 MT per hectare.
Across the region, Capiz was the third producer provinces of palay in 2018 with 15.55 percent share of the region’s total volume of production. The provinces of Iloilo and Negros Occidental were the top producing provinces with 42.08 and 21.77 percent share, respectively. Antique posted a 13.14 percent share while Aklan at 4.78 percent. Guimaras province contributed the least share with 2.05 percent.
Among the provinces in the region, Iloilo province posted the highest share in area harvested with 42.71 percent of the region’s total area harvested. This was followed by Negros Occidental with 20.07 percent share, Capiz with 15.45 percent share and Antique with 13.08 percent share. Other provinces in the region contribute less than 13 percent share.
Of the total palay production in 2018, 108.26 thousand MT (31.19 percent) was harvested from farms with irrigation system. This is lower by 5.04 percent of the total palay production of the province in 2017. Moreover, Iloilo was the most productive grower of palay from irrigated farms with 35.01 percent ratio of the region’s total production. The total palay production was 385.97 thousand MT during the year. Negros Occidental province was second with 343.26 thousand MT of palay produced or 31.13 percent share. This was followed by the province of Antique with 17.38 percent share and Capiz with 9.82 percent. The least productive areas in irrigated farms were the provinces of Aklan and Guimaras. They share a combined ratio of 6.67 percent output level.
In 2018, irrigated farms in the province constitute 27.85 percent (31.93 thousand hectares) of the total area planted to palay. This was higher by 2.95 percent of the total irrigated farms recorded in 2017. Among the provinces in the region, Iloilo posted at 37.64 percent in terms of area harvested with 112.81 thousand hectares. This was followed by Negros Occidental with 85.21 thousand hectares (28.43 percent) and Antique with 47.86 thousand hectares (15.97 percent). The province of Capiz shared 10.65 percent of the region’s 299.74 thousand hectares of irrigated palay farms. Other provinces in the region share less than 10.00 percent each of area harvested.
In rainfed farms, palay production in the region reached 1,129.67 thousand MT in 2018. Of this figure, Capiz ranked second as the top producing provinces of palay production in rainfed farms with 238.87 thousand MT (21.14 percent share). This figure is higher from the recorded palay production of 234.47 thousand MT in 2017 and 175.96 thousand MT in 2016, respectively.
The province of Iloilo was the top producer of palay in rainfed farms with 553.36 thousand MT (or 48.98 percent) in 2018. The province Negros Occidental was third with 12.64 percent share, followed by provinces of Antique with 10.25 percent, Aklan with 3.93 percent and Guimaras with 3.05 percent.
Of the 114.65 thousand hectares of area harvested for palay in 2018, the ratio of rainfed farm was 72.15 percent (82.72 thousand hectares). This is higher from 73.44 thousand hectares recorded in 2017. Among the 6 provinces in the region, Capiz comprised 22.41 percent on the regional total area harvested in rainfed farms. Iloilo contributed the most harvested area at 48.57 percent in 2018. Negros Occidental and Antique recorded a share of 11.34 and 9.77 percent, respectively. The rest of provinces contributed less than 10.00 percent each.
Growing of Crops is an activity that involves preparing the soil to actual planting of the crops and cultivating these crops until harvest time for food and other agricultural purposes. This activity may include soil aeration, watering, irrigating, pest control, fertilizer application, and other practices to improve production. Crops that are grown include a wide range of plants such as cereal (palay and corn), rootcrops, vegetables, and fruit trees that are suitable for human consumption or as feed for livestock and poultry.
Crop Production is the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvester share, reserved, etc. Excluded are those produced but not harvested due to low price, lack of demand and force majeure or fortuitous events, etc. Area Harvested refers to the actual area from which harvests are realized. This excludes crops areas which were totally damaged. It may be smaller than area planted. In crop statistics, this applies to temporary crops.
Area Planted refers to the actual physical area planted. This generally applies to area planted for permanent crops and multi-harvested temporary crops. 
Irrigation refers to purposely providing land with water, other than rain, for improving pastures or crop production. Irrigation usually implies the existence of infrastructure and/or equipment for applying water to crops, such as irrigation canals, pumps, sprinkles or localized watering systems. Irrigation water may come from various sources such as National Irrigation System (NIS), Communal Irrigation System (CIS), tube well, dug well, surface/ram pump, Small Farm Reservoir (SFR), Shallow Well Impounding Project (SWIP), Small Diversion Dam (SDD), and others.
Irrigated Area is the total area within the service area of an irrigation system served in a particular season – wet (first crop) and second crop seasons including any third crop. This refers to the area served during the wet season plus any are submerged during the wet season that is served in the dry season.
Rainfed Area is the area that depends solely on rainfall for its water supply. Upland Area is the area where crop does not normally requires standing
water and can thrive with minimum water. 
Temporary Crops crops which are grown seasonally and which growing cycle less than one year and which must be sown and planted again for production after each harvest.